What is SEO? Beginners guide to How SEO works

What is SEO? Beginners guide to How SEO works

Are you beginning your career in SEO? 

Perhaps you’ve heard that SEO can boost your website’s ranking in search engines results and increase traffic to your website. But you are not entirely clear how it operates or what areas to concentrate on. Then, you are in the correct place!

In this article, you will discover what every digital marketer needs to know about SEO.

What is SEO?

Search engine optimization or SEO is the technique of obtaining visitors to your website via unpaid, organic, or natural search results in search engines. It seeks to improve the position of your website in search results pages.

“Keep in mind that more individuals will view a website the higher it appears on the list.”

Now take a look at the various activities that are performed in the process of SEO:

  1. Finding relevant keywords with high search traffic potential. This is just one of the many distinct tasks involved in successful SEO.
  2. Creating valuable content of the highest caliber and optimized for both consumers and search engines.
  3. Including relevant links from reputable websites
  4. Evaluating the outcomes

SEO is now regarded as a crucial marketing strategy.

What is the difference between Organic and Paid Search?

It’s necessary that you recognize the differences between paid and organic activities in search engine optimization and how do they benefit your search engine marketing under various circumstances.

There are five significant differences:


At the top of search engine results pages, paid search results appear even before the organic searches.  This gives them prominence over organic results.


Time is another important difference between paid and organic search. While results from organic search can take weeks, months, or even years to appear, results from paid search can occasionally be obtained in as little as a few minutes. Therefore, with organic search, you must play the medium- to long-term game.


As the term implies, paid search traffic is paid activity. You pay for each click (PPC) based on the cost per click (CPC). This implies that each time a user clicks on your advertisement, you are charged. Consequently, you buy traffic for your page by paying Google to display your ad when a visitor searches for your keyword, as opposed to depending on organic traffic to your website. Although it does involve a time and resource investment, traffic for organic search is free.


It’s actually lot simpler to calculate the return on investment, or ROI, using paid search. That’s partially because Google offers additional keyword information that Google Analytics can collect. The ROI of paid search, however, may stagnate or even decrease with time. ROI for organic search is a little bit more difficult to quantify, but it frequently gets better with time. Organic search can provide a very excellent return on investment over the long term.

Traffic Share 

When it comes to traffic share, about 20% to 30% of searchers click on paid results, and 70% to 80% of searchers click on SEO results. Therefore, the majority of clicks are actually organic results. 

3 pillars of SEO 

As a digital marketer, knowing how searchers can find your brand, website, or business in search engine results is a core competency, and understanding how SEO is evolving can help you stay on top of the game.

We can break down SEO into three core components or pillars that you need to be familiar with-and act on a regular basis:

Technical Optimization:

Technical Optimization improves the process of performing an activity on your website that happens in the background and is not related to content.

On-page optimization:

On-page optimization is relevant to the content of your website and provides a great user experience. It involves targeting the right keywords for your content and can be done through a content management system. Common examples of content management systems are WordPress, Wix, Drupal, Joomla, Magento and Shopify.

Off-page optimization:

Off-page optimization is the process of improving your website’s search engine rankings through off-site activities. This is primarily driven by backlinks that help improve the reputation of your site.

How does a search engine actually work?  

Search engines are used when people ask questions and search for answers on the Internet. Search engines are dependent on algorithms to search those web pages which provide answers to the people. 

Search engines work in three stages:

Step 1: Crawl 

In the first step, search engines send web crawlers to find new pages and note information about them. These web crawlers are sometimes referred to as “spiders” or “robots.” Their purpose is to find new web pages and regularly check the content of previously visited pages to see if they have changed or updated.

The search engine crawls your website by following the links already found. So, if you have a blog post linked from your home page, when a search engine crawls your home page, it may look for another link to follow and follow a link to your new blog post.

Step 2: Indexing 

The second step is called indexing in which search engines decide whether to use crawled content or not. When a crawled web page is considered valuable by a search engine, it is added to its index. This index will be used in the final ranking phase. Most websites that offer unique and valuable content are included in the index. Web pages may not be indexed if: 

  • The content is considered duplicate 
  • That content is considered poor quality or spam 
  • Couldn’t crawl 
  • There was no inbound link on the page or domain  

 Step 3: Ranking 

The third step is really the most important step, which is the ranking. Ranking can only be done after the crawl and indexing steps have been completed. Therefore, when a search engine crawls and indexes your website, you can rank your website. 

There are over 200 ranking signals that search engines use to sort and rank content, all of which apply to the three pillars of SEO: technical optimization, on-page optimization, and off-page optimization.

The following are examples of signals that search engines use to rank web pages. 

  • Presence of keywords in title tags
  • Website loading speed
  • Website Reputation

With SEO, you may have to change tactics along the way, play long games and wait for the final result. But with a solid SEO foundation and a little patience, the benefits of your SEO strategy should be visible to your customers, their user experience will improve, and your business conversions will increase.

Local SEO Optimization Essential Components

Local SEO Optimization Essential Components

Local SEO is considered a pillar for new businesses which are locally operating and want clients from their surrounding areas through Local SEO introduced by Google. As gadget availability grows and portable incorporation turns out to be more common, Local SEO is picking up significance for brands trying to get computerized perceivability and gain clients. A great many new gadgets, for example, telephones, wearable tech and coordinated cell phones are interfacing every day — and changing how clients seek and find.

Like never before some time recently, nearby inquiry impacts where shoppers spend their cash. With new patterns in neighbourhood SEO moulding how clients discover brands in 2016, it is vital to conform your advanced substance to the developing inquiry scene.

Our advanced advertising office, ZOG Digital, is making a huge speculation into neighbourhood SEO in 2016, prodded by the developing significance of keeping brands’ nearby data exact and predictable crosswise over stages. A strong and streamlined neighbourhood look vicinity enhances perceivability, catches piece of the overall industry from contenders and gives a quality client experience to shoppers who communicate with your image on the web.

Whether you’re moving workplaces, opening another business or inspecting various store areas for consistency, the accompanying five best practices for developing a complete nearby pursuit power will offer your image some assistance with increasing perceivability and ROI from neighbourhood seek.

1. on-Page Elements for Location Landing Pages

By, the restricted data recorded on your image’s site is the most persuasive element for expanding presentation in nearby pursuit. To guarantee web crawlers see singular area information, make strong presentation pages for every area with particular and profitable data. Organizations with numerous areas will require a high volume of page advancement to rank well in neighbourhood markets.

Every greeting page ought to incorporate the accompanying SEO elements, one of a kind to every business area:

Page title (catchphrases, business name, area information).

Meta portrayals (invitation to take action).

Page content (no less than 100 words).

Contact data (name, address, telephone number).

Organized information (to accomplish Rich Snippets or Knowledge Graph boards in SERPs).

A note with regards to page content: Duplicate data over numerous area pages can be seen adversely via internet searchers and along these lines diminish introduction. Catchphrase gauging apparatuses can recognize the best chances to differentiate postings and target high-movement seek questions.

2. Google My Business Signals

Google’s nearby pursuit is a standout amongst the most powerful figures for being discovered neighbourhood markets. Their postings are shown in SERPs, used in publicizing, and syndicated crosswise over other advanced stages. Google’s nearby inquiry development with late Google My Business API changes and an impending editable Local Knowledge Graph showcase the need to assemble perceivability in neighbourhood markets with a hearty Google My Business posting.

Guarantee that your Google information precisely coordinate the individual area information on your site. Reliable and exact NAP (name, address, telephone number) data over all postings is urgent for a fruitful nearby SEO battle.

Moreover, explore your opposition while selecting a class for your professional reference, as this will be a major marker in the matter of how you will rank for focused watchwords. Regularly, nearby markets show diverse results for comparative classifications, so do your examination to reveal the open doors for best arrangement and presentation.

3. References

References on outer posting administrations are intensely weighted elements for creating high-activity nearby SEO signals, particularly since Google’s Pigeon upgrade. They help neighborhood Local SEO execution similarly that conventional backlinks work for Google’s customary SEO calculation.

Online references can fortify the relationship between your business and its physical area. To set up the most grounded conceivable relationship between your business, its area and its business class, mean to make whatever number steady references as would be prudent. Some outside posting administrations are Manta, Apple Maps, Urban Spoon, Yellow Pages and Yahoo! Neighborhood, and in addition corner and nearby indexes.

Use references to share your business data over the web and assemble believability in web crawlers with steady nearby information. Extend the hunt terms your business will rank for in neighborhood look with expanded substance and watchwords advanced around client aim and one of a kind business sector applications.

4. Audit Websites

Audit sites do work as reference sources with standard business data, however their neighborhood SEO suggestions go a long ways past that. Very much oversaw audits can expand client obtaining through profitable connections, computerized PR activities and viral informal advertising.

BrightLocal states that 92 percent of purchasers now read online audits, up from 88 percent in 2014. What some entrepreneurs neglect to acknowledge is the way these sites can be utilized to support neighborhood SEO rankings. The aggregate number of audits, the assorted qualities of sites your business is looked into on and how as often as possible your business is checked on all effect how your image positions in nearby pursuit (as indicated by Moz’s Local Search Ranking Factors overview).

Urge clients to rate your business and share their experience on an assortment of survey destinations to manufacture neighborhood power. Screen these audits to determine any negative issues and to support your most steadfast fans to wind up brand advocates. This use of computerized PR can make minutes worth discussing and naturally manufacture your image’s impact online and logged off.

5. Inbound Links

Excellent backlinks to your space impact both natural and nearby pursuit stages. By Moz review, inbound connections are the second most critical component in neighborhood SEO execution, with a weight of 20 percent.

To assemble force from outside connections, create quality associations with significant sites bragging a high PageRank and Domain Authority. While the heft of your third party referencing effort will concentrate on connections to your site’s root space, getting connections to the area presentation pages can support rankings and perceivability in nearby pursuits.

To create extra neighborhood presentation, concentrate on building joins from legitimate sites inside of your area’s land territory, for example, news stations.

Last Thoughts

Nearby SEO is a vital part of a bound together hunt procedure that produces mindfulness at essential snippets of a client’s adventure to buy. It is vital to remember that once rankings are earned, it is fundamental to consistently assemble joins, create special substance and grow neighborhood postings to keep up a positive position in indexed lists. Brands must stay noticeable in inquiry to catch a profitable piece of the overall industry and power that drives client procurement.

A few feelings communicated in this article might be those of a visitor writer and not inexorably Search Engine Land. Staff creators are recorded here.